ADONIRAM


ADONIRAM
ADONIRAM (or Adoram, Hadoram; Heb. ,אֲדֹנִירָם, אֲדֹרָם הֲדֹרָם; "the Lord / my Lord is exalted"), son of Abda. Adoniram is described in a list of King David's officials from the later years of David's reign (II Sam. 20:24) as the minister "in charge of forced labor." He continued in the same office during Solomon's reign (I Kings 4:6) and was in charge of the levy of all Israel sent to lebanon to cut lumber (I Kings 5:27–28). During the first year of rehoboam , Adoniram was sent to face the discontented and revolting assembly at Shechem (12:1–19). The people, for whom he no doubt personified the detested corvée, stoned him to death (12:18). B. Mazar (Maisler) has suggested that Adoniram was of foreign origin, as the institution of forced labor was adopted by the Israelite monarchy from Canaanite patterns, and that it was only natural to appoint a Canaanite official as its head. The names of Adoniram and his father support the view of his Canaanite origin, since ad is synonymous with ab (av – father – in West-Semitic languages), while "Abda" is an abbreviated theophorical name found in Phoenician inscriptions. Some scholars believe that the lengthly tenure assigned by the Bible to Adoniram's office is due to chronological confusion. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Mendelsohn, in: BASOR, no. 85 (1942), 14 ff.; Maisler (Mazar), in: Leshonenu, 15 (1947), 38–39; idem, in: BJPES, 13 (1947), 108; de Vaux, Anc Isr, 128–9, 144 ff.; EM, 1 (1965), 116–7. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Cogan, I Kings (2000), 204. (Hanna Weiner)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Adoniram — ist der Vorname folgender Personen: Adoniram J. Holmes (1842–1902), US amerikanischer Politiker Adoniram Judson (1788–1850), US amerikanischer Missionar Henry Adoniram Swift (1823–1869), US amerikanischer Politiker Siehe auch: Abda (Vater des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adoniram — (Adoram, sourcetext|source=Bible|version=King James|book=1 Kings|chapter=4|verse=6; sourcetext|source=Bible|version=King James|book=1 Kings|chapter=5|verse=14|nobook=), the son of Abda, was the tax collector of King Rehoboam. In the language of… …   Wikipedia

  • Adoniram — Adoniram, 1) so v.w. Adon Hiram; 2) so v.w. Adoram …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • ADONIRAM — fil. Abda, qui erat super tributa Salomovis, quique triginta milibus hominum praefectus fuit, qui materiam cedrinam et prineam in Libano monte caederent, ad Templi aedificationem. 1 Reg. c. 4. et 5 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Adoniram —    (Adoram, 1 Kings 12:18), the son of Abda, was over the tribute, i.e., the levy or forced labour. He was stoned to death by the people of Israel (1 Kings 4:6; 5:14) …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Adoniram Judson — (* 9. August 1788 in Malden, (Massachusetts); † 12. April 1850 auf See) war ein US amerikanischer Missionar. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Literatur 3 Weblinks …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adoniram J. Holmes — Adoniram Judson Holmes (* 2. März 1842 in Wooster, Ohio; † 21. Januar 1902 in Clarinda, Iowa) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zwischen 1883 und 1889 vertrat er den Bundesstaat Iowa im US Repräsentantenhaus. Werdegang Im Jahr 1853 zog… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Adoniram J. Warner — Adoniram Judson Warner (January 13, 1834 August 12, 1910) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio and a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.Born in Wales, near Buffalo, New York, Warner moved with his parents to Wisconsin at the… …   Wikipedia


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